. Futile to Achieve cooperation during war.
The second world war was determining every move of the British. On its part, the congress had realized its mistake in resigning from provincial ministries. Being in office would have been tactically beneficial to the congress at a time when they thought British rule would collapse before the Japanese onslaught which had taken Singapore and Burma and which was bombing Calcutta.
The British were relieved that the congress was not there to hinder their war efforts, but their ally, the United States of America, insisted that Britain enlist the active Co operation of Indian politicians. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt expressed this view personally to Winston Churchill, the British prime Minister, and the result was that Churchill had to send sir Stafford cripps (1889-1952) to India to seek a solution which would induct the political leadership of India into the war effort, sir Stafford cripps had been the British ambassador to soviet Russia.
Cripps as Ambassador to the USSR was widely credited with bringing the USSR into the war on the side of Britain and against Germany. He was a socialist, a member of the labor party and a personal friend of jawaharlal Nehru, the congress leader,
The president of the United States wanted cripps to succeed in enlisting the congress and Muslim league Co operation while the British prime Minister prayed that he would not.
The outcome of the cripps mission has become controversial. Some say that cripps initially assured the congress that they could enter a victory s executive council which, by convention though not by constitution (GOI Act 1935), would be a cabinet, or a quasi cabinet in the phrase of sir Reginald Coupland. According to this version, lord linlitthgow, the victory, complained of being sidetracked and cripps had to modify his offer which the congress then rejected.
At one stage cripps had assured Nehru that he would not let any British official, no matter how high, hold up an agreement. An obvious reference to the viceroy.