Historical outlook of Palestine issue.
In the 1880s, jews known as zionists began to immigrte to Palestine to avoid religious persecution in Europe. By 1897 they were demanding their own state and in 1917 the the British agreed to the foundation of a Jewish state in Palestine.
Zionism became an organized political movement in 1897 when its founder, Theodore Herzl, conveneted the first zionists congress. The congress called for a Jewish state in Palestine.
Sykes picot Agreement.
When the ottoman Empire collapsed during world War 1, France and Britain signed the 1916 Sykes picot agreement, dividing the empire s middle Eastern territories between them. France gained the mandate for Syria and Lebanon, and Britain was granted the mandate for Iraq and Palestine.
The Balfour Declaration.
MANDATE.An ottoman or German territory that was handed to another country to run after world War 1.
The 1917 Balfour declaration was a policy drawn up by the British government that accepted the need for a Jewish homeland in Palestine.
The British rule.
The period of British rule in Palestine which formally began in 1919 when the British mandate was granted, was marked by controversy and violence. The majority Arab population strongly contested the Jewish settlers, claim on their country, and some Arabs resorted to aggressive attacks against jews. Their homes, and their businesses . The jews feeling that the British authorities were giving them insufficient protection, began to form local defense groups, known collectively as thehangannah, to protection, began to form local defense groups, known collectively as the hangannah, to protect their communities during the 1930s the Hugannah turned into a paramilitary organization, developing military training programs and sourcing arms from Europe.
Guerrilla violence between Arab groups and the Hangannah became increasingly difficult for the British to police, so in 1939 they called together Arab and Jewish delegations to the st. James conference also known as the round table conference, to find a solution to the ongoing tensions. No agreement was reached at the conference, so the British formed their own policy, which was stated in the McDonald white paper of 1939.