Woman and Employment.
Pakistan s consistency in being ranked the second last country in the global gender gap index owes to one undeniable factor. We have the worlds second worst economic participation and oppertunities for woman. At a mere 22pc in 2015,we have the lowest female labour force participation rate in South Asia. This however, requires that we first understand why there are so few we’ll educated woman in Pakistan s labour market.
Woman face much discrimination in the labour market. The latest Mahbub ul Haq human development report on woman in Pakistan observe that woman are over represented in work that is often hazardous.
Labour force participation Rate.
The labour force participation rate indicates the supply of labour in the economy and the proportion of people in the labour force of the country. It also shows the working capacity of labours and job market trends. Indicators is helpful in assessing the labour market behavior for different segments of population, especially for youth. In Pakistan labour force participation rate is estimated on the basis of Crude Activity rate (CAR) and the Refined activity rate (RAR).
Female labour force participation rate increeased from 15.6% in 2012-13 to 15.8% in 2014. Woman in the workforce can be a major driver of the economic growth. This increasing participation of woman in paid work shows the sincere and committed efforts by the government to reduce the gender gap in labour force participation rate. It also shows that woman are getting better opportunities of obtaining technical and professional education a more jobs. Comparison of ruler and urben participation rates reveals that labour force participation rate is higher in rural areas as compared to urben areas because of agrarian economy.
Problems regarding woman employment and solutions.
Working together, the government, the private sector should ensure that legislation promotes woman’s equal participation in the labour market. Existing legislation must be rigorously implemented, with an eye towards ensuring that woman can work autonomously. With appropriate training and fair work place practices in place.